The Microcap Index Was the Best-Performing Index in 2023-24: Should You Invest in It?

The Microcap Index Was the Best-Performing Index in 2023-24: Should You Invest in It?


In FY 2023-24, the Nifty Microcap 250 Index gave a whopping 85.12% returns. It was the best-performing index in FY 2023-24 amongst broad market capitalisation indices. In this article, we will understand the Nifty Microcap 250 Index, how it has performed, how much you should allocate to it, and how to invest in it.

What Is the Nifty Microcap 250 Index?

Microcaps are stocks beyond the large (top 100 stocks), mid (150 stocks), and smallcap (250 stocks) stocks in terms of market capitalisation. The Nifty Microcap 250 Index comprises 250 microcap stocks ranked 501 to 750 in terms of market capitalisation. Due to their small size (base), they have the potential to grow their sales and profits faster than big companies. As a result, their share prices have the potential to rise faster than big companies.

However, due to their small size, these companies can be more volatile and illiquid compared to large companies. They are also prone to manipulation by operators. While they can rise faster than big companies in a bull market, they can fall harder than big companies in a bear market. Hence, microcaps fall in the high-risk – high-return potential category. They are meant for investors with an aggressive risk profile.

Table: Nifty Microcap 250 Index – Top 10 Constituents by Weightage

Nifty Microcap 250 Index

(Source: NIftyindices)

Note: The above data is as of 30th April 2024

The above table shows, the highest constituent has a weightage of only 1.56%. In comparison, HDFC Bank, the biggest stock in the Nifty 50, has a weightage of 11.48%. The top 10 constituents of the Nifty Microcap 250 Index have a total weightage of only 12.11%. In comparison, the top 10 constituents of the Nifty 50 Index have a total weightage of 56.63%.

Thus, the microcap index is well-diversified, with 250 constituents compared to the Nifty's 50 constituents. Also, the weightages to individual constituents are well spread out.

Table: Nifty Microcap 250 Index – Sectoral Representation

Nifty Microcap 250 Index – Sectoral Representation

(Source: Niftyindices)

Note: The above data is as of 30th April 2024

The above table shows that the Nifty Microcap 250 Index has companies from 22 sectors. In comparison, the Nifty 50 has companies from only 13 sectors. Thus, the microcap index has wide representation from most sectors of the economy.

Nifty Microcap 250 Index Performance

As discussed at the start of the article, the Nifty Microcap 250 Index has been the best performer in FY 2023-24, with a staggering 85.12% return.

Chart: Nifty Microcap 250 Index Performance

Nifty Microcap 250 Index Performance

(Source: NIftyindices)

The Nifty Microcap 250 Index has a base date of 1st April 2005 and a base value of 1,000. As of 2nd May 2024, the index is trading at levels of 21,020. In 19 years, the index has multiplied investor wealth by a whopping 21 times. It has given a return of 17.38% CAGR. 

Let us now compare the performance of the Nifty Microcap 250 Index with the other major indices.

Index

1 year

5 years

Since inception

Nifty 50

25.13%

13.98%

11.56%

Nifty Next 50

64.25%

18.48%

16.38%

Nifty Midcap 150

58.19%

24.59%

16.64%

Nifty Smallcap 250

68.57%

24.34%

15.57%

Nifty Microcap 250

86.82%

31.62%

17.28%

(Source: Niftyindices)

Note: The above returns are as of 30th April 2024.

The above table shows the Nifty Microcap 250 Index has delivered superior returns of 17.28% CAGR over a 5-year horizon compared to other broad market capitalisation indices.

Who Should Invest in Microcaps?

Microcaps, a high-risk – high-return potential category, are meant for investors with an aggressive risk profile. While they have the potential to give superior returns during good times, they can experience deep drawdowns during corrections. Also, the time to recovery may be higher than largecaps.

Chart: Nifty Microcap 250 Index Drawdowns

Nifty Microcap 250 Index Drawdowns

(Source: Motilal Oswal AMC)

The above chart shows the Nifty Microcap 250 Index has deeper drawdowns during an overall stock market correction. Also, the Nifty Microcap 250 Index drawdowns last longer than other indices.

If your investment time horizon is higher than seven years, you may allocate a small percentage of your overall equity portfolio to micro-caps. Usually, financial goals like building a fund for a child's higher education and marriage and retirement for self and spouse have a long investment horizon. So, you may allocate some money towards microcaps along with other equity funds for these goals.

How to Invest in Microcaps?

As of 2nd May 2024, one AMC is offering an index fund on the Nifty Microcap 250 Index. Other AMCs provide some exposure to microcaps through their other equity schemes like flexicap, multicap, and smallcap schemes.

Give a Boost to Your Portfolio With Microcaps

We have seen how the microcap index has outperformed the other broad market indices. However, based on the recent outperformance, you need not go overboard on microcaps. You may allocate some portion of your equity portfolio to microcaps. In the long run, microcaps can boost your portfolio returns and help you reach your financial goals faster than planned.

Microcap Investing Nifty Microcap 250 Index Fund Invest In Small Cap Fund For Child Education Goal

Your Investing Experts

Relevant Articles

...

Budget 2024: What to Expect – Tax Exemptions, Deductions, Change in Slabs or Status Quo?

With the new Government in place and the continuation of Nirmala Sitharaman as the Finance Minister, the Union Budget is expected to be presented in July 2024. The expectations from the Finance Minister are running high from all sections of taxpayers. In this article, we will look at what can a common man expect from the budget.

...

How Understanding Risk Is Critical While Investing and Ways to Mitigate Risk in Investing

When it comes to investing, the risk involved and the potential reward go hand in hand. The higher the risk involved, the higher the reward expectation. However, can the risk be reduced or mitigated while keeping the reward potential still high? The answer is yes. In this article, we will understand what risk is, why understanding it is critical, and ways of mitigating it.

...

Silver Prices Are at a Record High: Should You Invest?

In April 2024, the silver prices made headlines by crossing all-time highs to touch Rs. 85,000 per kg. Silver has the dual benefit of being a precious metal and industrial metal. High inflation and geopolitical uncertainty have boosted the demand for precious metals.